The Purpose of Da’wah (inviting to Islam)

Da’wah, calling others to the truth of Islam, is not an end in itself. There seem to be those among us who consider diluting Islam as a better way to invite others to Islam…. and which Islam would you be inviting them to? And what would be the result of the revert finding out the true Islam, either they become hypocrites or leave Islam. So da’wah should be with the truth as the intention is to lead the person to the truth, not a lesser version of the truth.


A part of this issue is admittedly the known problems in Islamic communities, which some try to avoid. However, the problems do not diminish the truth of Islam in anyway – and could easily be used to show that if Islam were followed sincerely by the community, such problems would be easily solved. A person recently asked about the problems in Islamic communities which “confuses reverts and potential reverts and drives some away”. The response to this is:

The reverts and potential reverts are driven away to what? To disbelief because disbelief is better than the problems in the Muslim communities? Clearly, there is no problem worse than disbelief.  So even if problems exist which they do, it is not worse than disbelief, and should be discussed especially if it is brought up in the media or by the reverts or even non-Muslims. If they were seeking the truth, they would see that there is a difference between the pure true Religion of Islam, and the mistakes and faults of people. Anyone who sincerely seeks truth will follow Islam, regardless of what anyone else is doing. It is every person’s responsibility to follow the truth without blaming others for their disbelief. Allah already refuted that in the Qur’an when people will try to blame others for their disbelief and sins. This situation in which we find ourselves, with people of various levels in belief and disbelief, show the individual need to strive for truth, to separate culture and mistakes from the pure and clear truth. It is these imperfections which result in a person striving  for the truth at all times.

It is this clear and complete truth which we must call to. Anything less, for whatever reason or good intentions we may claim to have, is in error and will lead to greater harm and a corruption of the Religion. Due to this corruption and diluted truth, we have vast and growing numbers of modernists and apologetics and a genuinely misguided portion of the Ummah. In times of confusion such as these times we live in, only the clear truth can solve our problems.


 

When You Speak About Allah عز و جل & Islam, Do You Know How Great Your Responsibility Is ?

If you say something wrong, or give an opinion (without knowledge), and misguide someone, you have the potential of causing a person, or many, to sin and end up in Hell for a very long time or eternity (depending on the level of sin). Do you think you won’t get the same punishment? So multiply this by all the times you have spoken without knowledge and may have misguided people. Just because it is easy in this age to give your opinion, does not mean you are allowed. And it does not mean there won’t be serious, eternal consequences for all involved. Speak only with verified knowledge, and if you do not know, only give the verse of the Qur’an or sahih hadith, without adding your own thoughts and interpretations.


https://www.kalamullah.com/ilm18.html > Zarabozo: “….When you say that Allaah swt means this or Allaah swt means that in a specific verse, you are actually speaking or saying something on behalf of Allaah swt, you are actually speaking about Allaah swt, and if you are speaking without knowledge (without ‘ilm) this is one of the greatest sins that you could commit. In fact, Ibn ul Qayyim said that it is the greatest sin. Ibn ul Qayyim said that speaking about Allaah swt without `ilm is the greatest sin that you could commit. …

And the reason he says is that this last sin of saying about Allaah swt without ‘ilm, which is actually what you do when you make tafseer without the proper background, without the proper methodology, he says it involves and it includes many things even more than what commiting shirk involves. He says it involves and it includes:

  1. ascribing something falsely to Allaah swt
  2. changing or altering the religion of Allaah swt
  3. denying what He has confirmed or
  4. confirming what He has denied,
  5. affirming something true as false or
  6. declaring something false as true, and it also includes
  7. supporting something that Allaah swt dislikes or opposes,
  8. liking something that Allaah swt dislikes.

In other words, when you are speaking without ‘ilm, in the religion, in things which are related to the religion, then in fact you are changing the religion of Allaah swt. And in fact, if you continue what he wrote – this is right from “Madaarij us Saalikeen”, 1:372-3 – you find that in fact speaking without `ilm (knowledge) is actually the real source of all kufr and shirk….”


 

Why are there people who just can’t believe in God or Islam or to follow the right way?

This question was asked by an agnostic, and similar questions are often asked, with the questioner claiming at times that they have been seeking to believe but just cannot seem to…. (This can also apply to addictions or corruptive evils even after a person realizes he is on the wrong path but still feels compelled).


They can’t believe because they have corrupted their souls with excessive evil.

إذا تتلى عليه آياتنا قال أساطير الأولين – When Our Verses (of the Qur’ân) are recited to him he says: “Tales of the ancients!” – 83:13

Ibn Katheer said, this means “whenever he hears the Words of Allah from the Messenger, he denies it and has ill thoughts about it. Thus, he believes that it is a collection gathered from the books of the ancients.”

كلا بل ران على قلوبهم ما كانوا يكسبون – Nay! But on their hearts is the Rân (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn – 83:14.

Ibn Katheer said: “The only thing that blocked their hearts from believing in it is the dark covering cast over it from the many sins and wrong they committed that has covered up their hearts.”

This ‘covering of the heart’ occurs after some time, not due to one small sin. See this post for more info: https://abdulmaliklive.wordpress.com/2016/07/11/question-is-our-conscience-enough-to-distinguish-right-from-wrong/


Additional: To see the truth is not difficult. Can anyone explain how a scientifically perfect book appeared on Earth 1400 yrs ago – to an illiterate man (Muhammad ﷺ) – in the middle of a desert – and among it’s prophecies is that this Book, the Qur’an, would be preserved and it is perfect?! Is it possible for any man even today to do this or for the whole of humanity to come together and present a Book which will be perfect, without any doubt or error? (And there are many miracles of the Qur’an). Can the answer be any other than God since it is only God who is perfect and All-Knowing (of the past, the present and the future)… The real problem people have is, they don’t want to follow the truth, and keep trying to confuse themselves. (Also, too much illogical thinking such as much of philosophy can prevent intellectually understanding the truth and accepting it – wallahu-a’lam – because it corrupts the intellect and correct, logical thinking. Self-deception is a reality and a very important principle in medicine, psychology and philosophy, and it is clear also from Qur’an that humans have a capacity for self-delusion).


 

Silencing the truth by falsely equating Da’wah with being judgmental

“You cannot judge me”… “stop being judgmental” …  “only God can judge me” …and similar is used by many in an attempt to prevent da’wah (the call to the truth). And unfortunately, many brothers and sisters become passive in the face of such arrogance. And yes, it is arrogance when they reject following what is correct and good and wish to remain on error – and worse arrogance which is to try to intimidate those who speak the truth and to attempt to silence them. And with this arrogance, they call God to be their judge:

ومن الناس من يعجبك قوله في الحياة الدنيا ويشهد الله على ما في قلبه وهو ألد الخصام – وإذا تولى سعى في الأرض ليفسد فيها ويهلك الحرث والنسل والله لا يحب الفساد – وإذا قيل له اتق الله أخذته العزة بالإثم فحسبه جهنم ولبئس المهاد – “And of mankind there is he whose speech may dazzle you in this worldly life, and he calls Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart, yet he is the most quarrelsome of the opponents. And when he turns away, his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle, and Allah likes not mischief. And when it is said to him, “Fear Allah”, he is led by arrogance to (more) crime. So enough for him is Hell, and worst indeed is that place to rest!” – 2:204-206


❶ – Judging with Qur’an & Sunnah shouldn’t end with us being passive. That is to say, you conclude that an action being committed by a fellow Muslim/others is wrong (according to Qur’an/Sunnah) but don’t bother advising them against it. Advising [as the religion is advice, as mentioned by Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم ] and enjoining good is of the great commandments. ΙℓΙ

❷ – Harshness in da’wah is also actually legislated and was part of the Sunnah of the Prophet. While the Prophet did not chastise the genuinely ignorant like the man from the desert who urinated in his mosque (!), and merely told him the right etiquette and the purpose of the mosque… the Prophet also cursed a man who refused to eat with his right hand such that his hand became paralyzed**. Another example is when he boycotted the Sahabah who refused to go on an expedition, and this story and their repentance is mentioned in Qur’an. So, this boycotting is also part of harshness. Looking at the whole of the Sunnah, we find the scholars having written about the times when harshness is not only permitted but demanded, to be effective in da’wah. It was part of the Sunnah of the Prophet. Just as his mercy and gentleness was also a part of his Sunnah. This is the right way, a balanced way.

Not following the balanced way, becoming too passive and gentle at all times is weakness and cowardice as well as a lack of knowledge.


Footnote

**”In Saheeh Muslim (2021) it is narrated that a man ate with his left hand in the presence of the Messenger of Allah. He said: “Eat with your right hand.” He said: I cannot. He said: “May you never be able to,” for nothing was preventing him from doing so but arrogance. And he never raised it to his mouth again. The Prophet prayed against him so that what he claimed of not being able to do it would come true, because he was too arrogant to follow the truth and he did not observe proper etiquette with the Prophet and his excuse was a lie, and lying to the Prophet is not like lying to anyone else.” (IslamQA)

Question: Is our conscience enough to distinguish right from wrong?

Who is “our”? Someone whose mind is pure or impure? Someone who desires the truth sincerely or not? Someone whose heart is covered in sins or not? That naturally-instilled conscience is corrupted by sins, till the person’s heart is unable to differentiate between good & evil. (Of course this has implications, such as repentance which purifies the heart and mind… etc).

Hudhaifa narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Trials and tribulations will be presented to hearts, as a reed mat is interwoven stick by stick. Any heart which absorbs these trials will have a black mark put in it. However, any heart that rejects them will have a white mark put in it. The result is that hearts will be of two kinds: one white like a white stone, which will not be harmed by trials as long as the heavens and earth endure; and the other dark and rusty, like an over-turned vessel; not able to recognize the good, nor reject evil, but rather being absorbed with its desires.” (Muslim). قَالَ حُذَيْفَةُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ تُعْرَضُ الْفِتَنُ عَلَى الْقُلُوبِ كَالْحَصِيرِ عُودًا عُودًا فَأَىُّ قَلْبٍ أُشْرِبَهَا نُكِتَ فِيهِ نُكْتَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ وَأَىُّ قَلْبٍ أَنْكَرَهَا نُكِتَ فِيهِ نُكْتَةٌ بَيْضَاءُ حَتَّى تَصِيرَ عَلَى قَلْبَيْنِ عَلَى أَبْيَضَ مِثْلِ الصَّفَا فَلاَ تَضُرُّهُ فِتْنَةٌ مَا دَامَتِ السَّمَوَاتُ وَالأَرْضُ وَالآخَرُ أَسْوَدُ مُرْبَادًّا كَالْكُوزِ مُجَخِّيًا لاَ يَعْرِفُ مَعْرُوفًا وَلاَ يُنْكِرُ مُنْكَرًا إِلاَّ مَا أُشْرِبَ مِنْ هَوَاهُ ‏”‏ ‏.

 

Had Allah known of any good in them…

ولو علم الله فيهم خيرا لأسمعهم – “Had Allah known of any good in them, He would indeed have made them listen…” (8:23) Ibn Katheer: “He would have helped them understand”.


‘So it is due to people having good in them that they are led towards truth/understanding. Eg, many people who have a sense of justice and compassion are drawn towards Islam due to how it establishes ultimate justice.’ ΙℓΙ

Good deeds before accepting Islam leads to Islam: 

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam, that he said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! What do you think about my good deeds which I used to do during the period of ignorance (before embracing Islam) like keeping good relations with my Kith and kin, manumitting of slaves and giving alms etc; Shall I receive the reward for that?” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said – “You have embraced Islam with all those good deeds which you did.” (al-Bukhari). حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ، أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ، أَنَّ حَكِيمَ بْنَ حِزَامٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَرَأَيْتَ أُمُورًا كُنْتُ أَتَحَنَّثُ بِهَا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ مِنْ صِلَةٍ وَعَتَاقَةٍ وَصَدَقَةٍ، هَلْ لِي فِيهَا مِنْ أَجْرٍ‏.‏ قَالَ حَكِيمٌ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏‏ أَسْلَمْتَ عَلَى مَا سَلَفَ مِنْ خَيْرٍ

 

Great personal qualities before Islam lead to greatness in Islam: 

Abu Hurairah said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “People are like ores. Those who were excellent in the Days of Ignorance (before Islam) are excellent in Islam provided they acquire the knowledge and understanding of the religion. You will find the best people in it (Islam) those who had a deep hatred (for leadership). You will find the worst among the people a double-faced person who appears to some people with one face and to others with another face.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim). عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ “تجدون الناس معادن‏:‏ خيارهم في الجاهلية خيارهم في الإسلام إذا فقهوا، وتجدون خيار الناس في هذا الشأن أشدهم له كراهية، وتجدون شر الناس ذا الوجهين، الذي يأتي هؤلاء بوجه، وهؤلاء بوجه‏”‏ ‏‏‏(‏متفق عليه‏‏‏)‏‏

Good deeds done before accepting Islam are rewarded:

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘If a person accepts Islam, such that his Islam is good, Allah will decree reward for every good deed that he did before, and every bad deed that he did before will be erased. Then after that will come the reckoning; each good deed will be rewarded ten times up to seven hundred times. And each bad deed will be recorded as it is, unless Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, forgives it.'” – (Sunan an-Nasa’i 4998, Sahih). عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِذَا أَسْلَمَ الْعَبْدُ فَحَسُنَ إِسْلاَمُهُ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ كُلَّ حَسَنَةٍ كَانَ أَزْلَفَهَا وَمُحِيَتْ عَنْهُ كُلُّ سَيِّئَةٍ كَانَ أَزْلَفَهَا ثُمَّ كَانَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ الْقِصَاصُ الْحَسَنَةُ بِعَشْرَةِ أَمْثَالِهَا إِلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ وَالسَّيِّئَةُ بِمِثْلِهَا إِلاَّ أَنْ يَتَجَاوَزَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَنْهَا ‏”‏ ‏

يا أيها النبي قل لمن في أيديكم من الأسرى إن يعلم الله في قلوبكم خيرا يؤتكم خيرا مما أخذ منكم ويغفر لكم والله غفور رحيم – “O Prophet! Say to the captives that are in your hands: “If Allâh knows any good in your hearts, He will give you something better than what has been taken from you, and He will forgive you, and Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful”.” (8:70).

The Rewards of Da’wah

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “If anyone calls others to follow right guidance, his reward will be equivalent to those who follow him (in righteousness) without their reward being diminished in any respect, and if anyone invites others to follow error, the sin, will be equivalent to that of the people who follow him (in sinfulness) without their sins being diminished in any respect”. (Sahih Muslim) – وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏:‏ ‏ “‏من دعا إلى هدى كان له من الأجر مثل أجور من تبعه لا ينقص ذلك من أجورهم شيئاً، ومن دعا إلى ضلالة كان عليه من الإثم مثل آثام من تبعه لا ينقص ذلك من آثامهم شيئاً‏” –‏ ‏‏‏(‏رواه مسلم‏‏‏)‏‏

The Blessings Of Da’wah

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: إن العبد ليتكلم بالكلمة من رضوان الله تعالى ما يُلقي لها بالا يرفعه الله بها درجات – “A man utters a word pleasing to Allah without considering it of any significance for which Allah exalts his ranks (in Jannah)…” (Bukhari).